Fluid Mechanics
Properties of Fluids
Fluid Statics
Control Volume Analysis, Integral Methods
Applications of Integral Methods
Potential Flow Theory
Examples of Potential Flow
Dimensional Analysis
Introduction to Boundary Layers
Viscous Flow in Pipes

Sections :
 Properities of Fluids
 What is a Fluid?
 Continuum Hypothesis
 Viscosity
 Kinematic Viscosity
 Density
 Specific Volume
 Specific Weight
 Specific Gravity
 Pressure
 Temperature
 Velocity
 Ideal Gas Law
 Bulk Modulus
 Vapour Pressure
 Surface Tension
 Pressure inside a Drop of Fluid
 Capillary Tube
 Fluid Statics
 Fluid Forces
 Pressure at a Point within a Fluid
 Equation for Pressure Field
 Body Forces
 Total Force
 Incompressible Fluids
 Compressible Fluids, Properties of the Atmosphere
 Measurement of Pressure
 Manometry
 Mercury Barometer
 Piezometer Tube
 Utube Manometer
 Differential Utube Manometer
 Hydrostatic Force on a Submerged Surface
 Center of Pressure
 Geometric Properties of Common Shapes
 Hydrostatic Force on a Curved Surface
 Buoyance and Stability
 Stability of Immersed and Floating Bodies
 Control Volume Analysis, Integral Methods
 Basic Concepts, Velocity
 Steady and Unsteady Flows
 One, Two and Three Dimensional Flows
 Flow Description, Streamline, Pathline, Streakline and Timeline
 Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches
 System and Control Volume
 Differential and Integral Approaches
 Integral Equations, Basic Laws for Fluid Flow
 Conservation of Mass
 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
 Conservation of Energy
 Second Law of Thermodynamics
 Reynolds Transport Theorem
 Derivation of the Theorem for OneDimensional Flow
 Conservation of Mass
 Steady Flow
 Incompressible Flow
 V.dA
 Application to OneDimensional Control Volume
 Momentum Equation
 Bernoulli Equation
 Application of Continuity Equation
 Application of Momentum Equation
 Body Force
 Surface Forces
 Application to moving Control Volumes
 Equation for Angular Momentum
 Deformable Control Volumes with noninertial acceleration
 Energy Equation
 Energy Equation for a OneDimensional Control Volume
 Low Speed Applications
 Relationship between Energy and Bernoulii Equation
 Bernoulii Equation for Aerodynamic Flow
 Stagnation Pressure
 Energy Grade Line
 Kinetic Energy Correction Factor
 Applications of Integral Methods
 Flow through a Sharpedged Orifice
 Flow through a Nozzle
 Flow through a Venturi Tube
 Important Applications of Control Volume Anaysis
 Measurement of Drag of a Body Immersed in a Fluid
 Continuity Equation
 Momentum Equation
 Jet Impingement on a Surface
 Forces on a Pipe Bend
 Froude’s Propeller Theory
 Continuity Equation
 Momentum Equation
 Bernoulli Equation
 Analysis of Wind Turbine
 Pressure Loss through a Sudden Expansion
 Continuity Equation
 Momentum Equation
 Bernoulli Equation
 Measurement of Airspeed
 Potential Flow Theory
 Conservation of Mass
 Continuity Equation in Cylindrical Coordinates
 Continuity Equation for Steady Flow
 Continuity Equation for Incompressible Flow
 Velocity Potential
 Streamfunction
 Streamfunction is constant along a Streamline
 Streamfunction change between two Streamlines is proportional to Volumetric Flow
 Streamfunction in Polar Coordinates
 Kinematics of Fluid Motion
 Translation
 Linear Deformation
 Rotation
 Angular deformation
 Circulation
 Occurance of Irrotational or Rotational Flows
 Simple Examples of Plane Potential Flows
 Potential Flow in Cartesian Coordinates
 Equations in Polar Coordinates
 Uniform Flow
 Source or Sink
 Vortex
 Circulation around a vortex
 SourceSink Pair
 Doublet
 Superposition of Elementary Flows
 Uniform Flow and a Source
 Rankin Oval
 Flow around a Circular Cylinder
 Flow about a Lifting Cylinder
 Stagnation Points for a Lifting Cylinder
 Surface Pressure Distribution and Lift
 Magnus Effect
 KuttaJoukowsky Theorem
 Examples of Potential Flow
 Horizontal Uniform Flow
 Uniform Flow at 10 degrees Angle of Attack
 Source or Sink Flow
 Vortex Flow
 Source in Horizontal Stream
 Vortex in Horizontal Stream
 SourceSink Pair
 SourceSink Pair in Horizontal Stream
 Doublet
 Doublet in Horizontal Stream (Circular Cylinder Flow)
 Rotating Cylinder in Uniform Flow
 Fast Rotating Cylinder in Uniform Flow
 Flow in Right Angle Corner
 Cylinder Flow near Wall (Cylinder Image Flow)
 SourceSink Distribution in Uniform Flow (Streamlined Body)
 Dimensional Analysis
 Need for NonDimensional Numbers
 BuckinghamPi Theorem
 Application of BuckinghamPi Theorem
 Importance of NonDimensional Numbers
 Reynolds Number
 Froude Number
 Weber Number
 Pressure Coefficient
 Drag and Lift Coefficients
 Table : Important NonDimensional Numbers
 Similitude
 Geometric Similarity
 Kinematic Similarity
 Dynamic Similarity
 Introduction to Boundary Layers
 Viscous Effects in External Flows
 Boundary Layer Flow
 Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers
 Separation of Flow
 Drag
 Drag Coefficient
 Viscous Flow in Pipes
 Classification of Flows, Laminar and Turbulent
 Pressure along a Pipe
 Fully Developed Laminar Flow in a Pipe
 Volumetric Flow Rate
 Correction for Nonhorizontal Pipes
 Energy Considerations, Friction factor
 Dimensional Analysis
 Turbulent Flow through Pipes
 Logarithmic Overlap Law
 Wall Layer
 Overlap Layer
 Outer Layer
 Power Law Velocity Profile
